Volume: 10
Issue: 1

Published:
January 13, 2014

Tank Storage Magazine

Tank Storage Magazine is the leading industry publication dedicated exclusively to the bulk liquid storage industry. It is read by terminal managers, senior engineers, logistics/distribution managers and CEOs within oil, gas and petrochemical facilities as well as third party terminal operators.



Headlines


Outlook 2014

Hear terminal operators’ thoughts on what the market holds for the year ahead.


The build-out opportunity

Deals, new partnerships and terminal construction stole the storage sector spotlight in 2013. For 2014, forget about Keystone and refining centres; it’s the terminals serving them that are moving forward with their own plans for Bakken and Athabasca crude Independent terminal operato...


US EPA confirms ASTM D6377 as an alternative test method for measuring vapour pressure of crude oils

A new method for measuring the true vapour pressure (TVP) of crude oils is spreading quickly within the oil and gas industry. At request of API, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has confirmed the use of the ASTM D6377-10 standard as an alternative test method for the determination of the...


Finding the right balance

How NuStar optimised its railcar loading operations at its US terminal in California NuStar has terminal operations across the country and its Stockton facility in California is one of its largest. It features 33 storage tanks, with a total storage capacity of nearly 900,000 barrels, for a m...


On spot loading: hitting the mark?

Loading facilities are categorised depending on the required daily or annual liquid transfer rates. Filling systems include top, bottom, series and on spot loading. Top and bottom loading takes place when the loading capacity is low. Series loading facilities are extended, linear facilities...


A breakthrough design in aluminium internal floating covers

Since the 1970s, the design principles used in the fabrication, installation and upkeep of internal floating covers (IFC) have essentially remained the same, while the issues of reliability, lifeexpectancy, time and costs associated with maintenance, testing, cleaning and repairing, as well as the h...


Behind the functional safety: SIL1?, SIL2?, SIL3?

Based on the standard IEC 61511, how should you determine the SIL value of an overfilling protection system to enable you to reach your safety target without over-engineering? Process safety became a hot issue after the Piper Alpha disaster in 1988, which started the evaluation of the state ...


Evaporative loss from floating roof tanks

All stored liquid has a vapour pressure, which depends on the surface temperature and the composition of the liquid, causing evaporation. Under static conditions, it establishes a balance in the vapour concentration, after which no further evaporation occurs. However, tanks are exposed to d...


Benefits of robotic in-line inspection tools

With a large number of tank lines originally built without pig launchers and receivers, it falls upon current integrity engineers and risk managers to determine how best to address facility piping which may not have been inspected previously. With tanks out of service, API 653 inspections provide...


Overspill level protection for remote tank storage installations

How the latest wireless enabled guided wave radar level transmitters and vibrating fork switches, help operators maximise tank capacity, while minimising the risk of overfilling and potentially hazardous spillages, even in remote installations In tank storage applications within the oi...


Eagle Ford shale tank battery installed with high performance secondary containment liner

With so much growth happening in the US shale industry, it is more important than ever that companies do everything they can to avoid spills and other incidents that could endanger lives, as well as the industry’s reputation. In the summer of 2013, one south Texas 7,000 barrel oil facility tank...


Keeping oxygen to a minimum during welding

Whether welding small tanks, associated pipework or large tanks with accessories for stainless steels, nickel alloys, titanium and other metals, it is important to ensure the oxygen level is kept below specific guidelines to keep discolouration, oxidation and coking either to an absolute minim...


Best year yet for Tank Storage Asia

This year’s speakers drew in record numbers to Tank Storage Asia in Singapore in December. The likes of Jasper Schmeetz, commercial manager at VTTI Asia; Chong Rok Park, president of the Ulsan Port Authority in the Republic of Korea; and Xu Ruiqing, chief commercial director at Sinopec Kanto...