Volume: 6
Issue: 1

Published:
February 04, 2010

Tank Storage Magazine

Tank Storage Magazine is the leading industry publication dedicated exclusively to the bulk liquid storage industry. It is read by terminal managers, senior engineers, logistics/distribution managers and CEOs within oil, gas and petrochemical facilities as well as third party terminal operators.



Headlines


Things can only get better

A year ago things were looking bleak for the storage sector. Rapid construction had just raised terminal capacity but demand was widely anticipated to slump as the worldwide recession took effect. In reality, business remained surprisingly buoyant for most and tank occupancy rates and throughputs ...


Florida: 97% success

Around 30 states have aboveground storage tank (AST) regulations, but Florida has some of the most stringent requirements in the country. Florida’s AST regulations are contained in Chapter 62-762 of the Florida Administrative Code, and require secondary containment, on-site piping in contact wit...


TankChem capitalises on silver lining

In 2007 Russia halted deliveries of oil products and other chemicals to Estonia, causing severe headaches to terminals in the region. Russia announced plans to carry out maintenance on the rail link to Estonia, causing extreme disruption as Russia sends a quarter of its oil product exports – inclu...


Developments across eastern Europe

Russia is enjoying a good start to 2010. Oil output grew by around 1.5% in 2009 to a new post- Soviet high, putting the world’s largest crude producer on an upward trend again after a 2008 blip, when production fell for the first time in a decade. Analysts are now saying that Russia will produce...


Tank terminal update

Tank Storage magazine provides an update of the terminals being built across eastern Europe.


Reducing blend times

The average time for blending a 28m tank using two side entry propeller mixers is 50 hours. Bringing this time down can improve throughput, reduce energy consumption and minimise costly production delays.


Mixing advances

Crude oil storage tanks need a simple method of blending crude to minimise the accumulation of bottom solids and water. The heavy tank bottoms containing water, paraffin and sediment cause sludge to form. Improper mixing hinders processing, transfer, and reduces the effective available volume for ...


Cost-effective and energy efficient?

When evaluating the most appropriate process and technology, operators must be absolutely clear in their minds as to what they are trying to achieve: is it mixing, blending, homogeneity or preventing the build up of basic sediments and water (BS&W) in the bottom of the tank? Mixing covers all proc...


Efficient and reliable mixer

In most cases petroleum and other stored products are mixed using a rotating agitator located on the tank wall. Side entry mixers, however, have many advantages in terms of size, ease of installation and reduced capital costs. France-based Milton Roy Mixing has brought out a new range of mixers de...


Minimising expansion liabilities

Several options are available for expanding a terminal: acquiring/ leasing additional property, acquiring another terminal, or developing/redeveloping the existing terminal property. In all cases if contamination is discovered companies may incur environmental liabilities, along with loss of opera...


Why lower emissions are not always better

The standard emission levels from a typical vapour recovery unit (VRU) are around 1g of hydrocarbons per m3 product loaded, which complies with most legislation. However, countries such as the Netherlands, are reducing the levels of VOC emissions permitted at a terminal, which may actually be having...


Act now and save later

VOCs released in wastewater processes such as aerobic bio-treatment can lead to costly control measures if the vapours violate air emission rules


Improving flow measurement

Accurate measurement of hydrocarbon gases and liquids using industry measurement standards is vital for process control systems, leak detection, and the transfer of product between two parties, more commonly known as custody transfer. The need to accurately measure fl ow originated many years ago ...


Helping re-fuel the Marine Corps

Providing technology for a Marine Corps base is not an average project. Larger-than normal military vehicles and taller-than standard tanker trucks use the facility, so the owners required a customised refuelling system. Michigan-based fluid handling and equipment contractor Oscar W. Larson provid...


Moving to Malaysia

The unique formula of coinciding a conference on the terminal sector in Asia with one on the biofuels industry worked well and attracted a wide variety of delegates such as traders, storage operators, producers, regulators and investors. These came from 30 different countries, many from southeast ...